Thursday, September 13, 2012

Overview of our Van Arsdale Ancestry

The Lee family became united with the Van Arsdale family through the marriage of Willam Newland Lee and Maggie Van Arsdale. This volume of our family history records and investigates the Van Arsdale branch. Each of the ancestors in this line are referenced in terms of their relation to Maggie.

Our hypothesis of our earliest Van Arsdale ancestors is based on assumptions that may never be proven with certainty. Most of this account, however, is based on a strong documentary record.

Maggie’s Van Arsdale's (my grandfather's paternal grandmother) 8x great grandfather (my 12x great grandfather) was likely Joosten Van Haesdale who was the father of Pauwel Joostensz van Haesdale, Maggie’s 7x great grandfather. Maggie’s 6x grandparents, Pauwel Pauwelsz van Aeysdale and Fiermijne Holters, had 4 children including our ancestor Jan Pauwelsz van Aedsdaele. We know the location of the home of the Jan Pauwelsz in Gouda which still exists today. Another important place in the family's life, St. Jan's Kerk (Saint John's Church), in Gouda, Holland, can also be visted today. The history of resistance by the Dutch Reform demonination provides important context to our Van Arsdale family story. Maggie’s 5x grandparents, Jan Pauwelsen Van Aersdaele and Geertje Philipsdochter Halters, had 6 children including our, it is believed, our ancestor Sijmon Janz van Arsdalen.

Sijmon Jansz van Aersdalen, was the original Emmigrant bearing the family name. Maggie’s 4x great grandfather, Sijmon Jansz Van Aersdalen, was born in Nukerke, East Flanders (Belgium)
We have some firm information about Sijmon’s childhood and youth. Sijmon & Geertie were born in the affluent Dutch province of Flanders, torn by the 80 Years War. Dutch and Flemish baptisms were held six weeks after birth and this was an important milestone of all our Dutch ancestors lives. We have only sketchy knowledge of Sijmon’s siblings. Sijmon struck out on his own in his early 20s and moved to Amsterdam to became a potter. A view of the River Amstel familiar to Sijmon at this stage of his life was renedered by Rembrandt in 1650. A similar view of the bridge near Sijmon’s house can be seen to this day.

Sijmon’s first marriage in 1650was to the orphan Marritje Baltusdr who bore him 2 daughters. The Oude Kerk, nicknamed the "Living Room of Amsterdam, is where Sijmon & Marritje were wed.

We believe that Sijmon, at age 25, read some of the persuasive literature printed by the Dutch West India Company and became enamored by the lure of the New World. Details of Sijmon Jansz van Aesdalen departure to New Netherland in 1653 are unknown. The family lore places him on a ship called “The Dynasty” but no official record has been found; he may have sailed on either the 'Conjnck Salomon' and the 'Geldersche Blom'.  Sijmon would have sailed out through the Zuiderzee, a shallow inland sea created by tcatastrophic flooding in the Middle Ages.  Sijmon’s route across the Atlantic, in the midst of The First English War, would have avoided Portsmouth and Plymouth and probably stopped at the Canary of Cape Verde Islands for supplies before arriving in New Amsterdam about 2 months later.  We have a reproduction of a watercolor of New Amsterdam as it looked when Sijmon arrived.

Specifics of Sijmon’s employment upon arrival in New Netherland is unknown, but his only trade was pottery making.
After Sijmon’s father, Jan Poulissen van Aesdal, died, the oldest son Philp acted as executor or guardian of the minor children.  Simon's suffered a tragic loss of his first wife and two children to the plague in 1655.

Sijmon then began courting Pieterje (Peternelle) Claes van Schouw, of tobacco merchant Claes (Nicholas) Cornelissen van Schouw.  We have a reproduction of a sketch of the Church in the Fort in New Amsterdam, where Peternelle would have most likely been baptized.  All the facts surrounding the birth of Peternelle’s father Claes are not clear, but using the Dutch system of naming we have a reasonable hypothesis about of the van Schouw / Wycoff line
Peternelle’s half-brother Pieter Claesen Van Schow (Wycoff).  The courtship flourished and Sijmon Jansz van Aersdalen’s 2nd marriage was to Maggie’s 4x great grandmother Pieterje Claes Van Schouw (Peternelle Wycoff)

Sijmon Janzen Van Arsdallen realized upward mobility in America: Sijmon began gaining civic prominence as a schepen (magistrate) of New Amersfoort (Flatlands) and then as a representive to 'Convention Holden’ at New Amsterdam to keep up an armed force for public protection.

Sijmon took Jan Tuenizen to court in 1663 to gain possession of a home he had purchased.  Sijmon also testified against English captain John Scott who Sijmon declared was making a great noise claiming the “place belonged to the King”.  Sijmon and Claes helped organize resistance to British at the a convention in Midwout.  Ultimately, however, Director-General of New Netherland, Pieter Stuyvesant, relinquished the Dutch colony to the British.

Many lots and parcels were purchased by Sijmon between 1665 and 1686, where he established farms to suit his growing family.  Sijmon and Pieterje’s oldest daughter Geertje Simonse van Arsdale (1659-1730) married Cornelius Pietersz Wycoff (1656-1746) and bore 11 grandchildren. 
Sijmon and Pietrje’s witnessed the baptisms of grandchildren Marije and Sijmon at the Dutch Reformed Church in Breukelen.

March 16th, 1687, Sijmon's oldest son, our ancestor Cornelis Sijmonsz married Aeltje Willemse van Kouwenhoven at the Dutch Reformed Church of Flatbush.  We have a reproduction of a map that shows the village of "Flattlands", with a steepled church, and its relationship to Flatbush, , Utreck, Gravesend, the "Medows", and Coney Island.

Our ancestor Cornelius had two wives, 10 children and 67 grandchildren.  Jannetje Simonse van Arsdale was born about 1665 and grew up to marry Gijsbert Teunisse Bogaert who was the forebearer of Humphrey Bogart.  Mettje Simonse van Arsdale married twice and had 3 children.  Jan Simonse van Arsdale, the youngest son, married Lammetje Probasco and they had 11 children who in turn produced 64 grandchildren.  Maretje Simonse van Arsdale was one of the younger daughters.

Sijmon bought his last property at Coney Island in 1686.  Sijmon took the Oath of Allegiance on September 30th, 1687.  After retiring in his 70s Sijmon sent his younger brother, Joost, a letter describing his well established family.

Among the fascinating documents from this period is a 1698 letter written by Sijmon Jansen van Arsdalen.  The census of 1698 recorded 92 households, 79 men, 101 women, 240 children, 26 apprentices and  65 slaves distributed across 29 families.  The head of the household was a woman in 22 homes.  

that Sijmon's house contained 2 men, 3 women, and 1 slave, while Cornelis's house contained 1 man, 1 woman, 6 children, and 1 slave. 

In 1700 Sijmon sold the three 15-acre lots.  Sijmon, the Yeoman, continue to be physically active at least into his eightieth year.  In 1710, Sijmon was the largest donor to the Flatlands Dutch Reformed Church.  Simon’s passing documented in the Deacon’s Book and court records

We have copies of both Sijmon’s and Cornelis’ signatures.

Maggie’s 3x Great grandfather was Cornelius Symonse Van Arsdalen (1665 –1738).  There were multiple spellings of Cornelius’ name.  Aeltje Willemse Van Kouwenhoven (1665 - 1690), first spouse of Cornelius.  We also know of many variants on Aeltje’s name.

Cornelis Simonsz Van Aersdalen’s first marriage was to Aeltje Willemse Van Kouwenhoven who died just 2 years later, possibly as a complication of giving birth to Sijmon and Pieterje’s grandchild, Jannetje.  The only child of Cornelius Symonse Van Arsdalen and Aeltje Willemse Van Kouwenhove was Jannetje (1689-1755).  Jannetje was provided for through an inheritance from her mother when Aeltje died in her mid-30’s.  Jannetje Van Aersdalen married Dirck Barkelo and provided Sijmon and Pieterje with 8 more grandchildren.

Altje and Cornelius were in the middle of a set of family ties that spanned over least 5 generations.  Aeltje’s great grandfather, Wolpert Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven, was one of the founders of New Amsterdam in 1625 and the progenitor of the Kouwenhoven family in America.

Corneliuse Symonse was betrothed in 1691 to a “young dame”,  Maggie’s 3x Great grandmother Marike Dirckse Ammerman.  We have information about the variants of Marike’s name, Marike’s birth, and Marike’s Marriage.

Maggie’s 4x great grandparents in this line were Dirck Jansen Ammerman and Aeltje Van Der Beeck.  Here we find common Badie & Bracknoengie ancestors of both Peter Van Arsdale and Charity Demaree.  We have a record of the marriage of Dirck Jansen Ammerman and Aeltje Van Der Beeck from which we trace back to Maggie’s 5x great grandparents Paulus Van Der Beeck (1624-1680) and Mary Badie.  Maggie’s 6x great grandparents were Thomas Badie and Aeltje Braconie and Maggie’s 7x great grandfather was Eli Braconie.  Maggie’s 3x Great grandmother was Marretje Dirckse Ammerman

We know some interesting details about the children of Cornelis Simonsz Van Aersdalen and Marretje Dirckse Ammerman.  Cornelis and Marretje’s children married into a community with strong social ties and multi-generational connections.  They include:

Dirck Cornelisz Van Aersdalen , oldest brother of Simon Cornelisz Van Aersdalen
Jan Cornelisz Van Aersdalen
Our ancestor, Maggie’s 2x great grandfather Simon Cornelisz Van Aersdalen
Aeltje Van Aersdalen
Philip Cornelisz Van Aersdalen
Peternella Van Aersdalen
Abraham Cornelisz Van Aersdalen
Jacobus/James Cornelisz Van Aersdalen
Maria Van Aersdalen

We know the content of Cornelius’ will.  Corneliuse Symonse will was dated in 1738 and probated in 1745.  Knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die,  this self-described yeoman of Island of Nassau, recommended his soul into the hands of God and his body to the earth.  He bequeathed to his loving wife real and personal estate to enjoy, without any let, hinderance or molestation.  He utterly disallowed, revoaked, and disannualled all and every other former testament.  Cornelius Arsdalen signed the Will along with 3 subscribers including Oukeen Voorhees.  

We have contemporary photos document the Dutch Reformed Church burial ground where generations of Van Arsdale and Ammerman ancestors are laid to rest.

Cornelius and his siblings received an inheritance from wealthy cousin Geertruij van Aersdal.  The Will of Pieter Verveen and Geertruijt van Haesdaele provided a remainder to be equally divided among Geertruijt’s closet relatives.  A legacy of 1,000 guilders was set aside for the heirs of Geertruijt’s uncle Symon Jansz van Haesdaelen.  In 1731 Cornelis and Jan sent a letter to Harmanus van Hombergen, the candle – maker, who had informed them of their inheritance from cousin Geertruijt; they inquired which Orphan Court should be addressed  to collect the money.
In 1732 they receive another letter from “Cousin van Homberg” via Reverend Hagoort and they replied.  They informed Homberg of the death of both Jannetje & Geertje after a period being paralysed; they respond to a question about the expansion of the family tree, noting that they have over 200 progeny “all living on plantations of their own, breeding cattle and growing corn, maize, etc.”

They then sent a proxy empowering Mr. Harmanus van Hombergen to “demand” the inheritance from the Gouda Orphan's Court.  The Proxy was witnessed by two ministers of the Dutch Reformed Church at Midwoud.  The Proxy was also witnessed by two judges of peace of King's County.

Generation 4 - Maggie’s 2x Great grandparents Symon Van Arsdale (1697 - 1789) from Flatlands and Antje Dorland (1704-- 1789) from Brooklyn, married in 1723 before migrating through New Jersey to Pennsylvannia

In a fashion similar to his father’s will, Symon's will states his station in life (yeoman) and place (Straban Township); he confirms that he is mentally sound; thanks the “Almightiest God”; and acknowledges that it is “appointed for all men once to die”.  After his debts and funeral costs are paid the estate is to be sold and the proceeds equally divided, with his Silver Cup is given to his grandson who is his namesake.  He appoints sons John & Abraham as Executors and grandson Simon as executors.  The 3 subscribers are from the Cownover and Bodine families

A summary about the migration to Pennsylvannia was found in an 1884 article by Rev. J.J. Demarest: “ The Low Dutch Colony of the Conewago”.
Simon Van Arsdallen was one of the settlers who established the Low Dutch Colony of the Conewago Pennsylvannia.  Low Dutch Colony was formed between 1765-1771.  Van Arsdale granted title to land in 1768 to cover debts from 3 years prior. Settlers came from New Jersey.  Origin of migrants was Somerset County, New Jersey.  We have reproductions of sketches of the Three Mile Run and the Six Mile Run Dutch Reformed Churches in Somerset County, New Jersey.  Settlers lived along the Low Dutch Road

The “Great Church” was built of stone, replacing the log meeting house.  The restored Conewago Dutch Reformed Church in Adams County, Pennsylvania still exists today.
The description we have of the Conowago Church includes details of the Congregation.  The whole community came together at church.  We know the layout of the Conowago Church and have a record of Church seating.  Van Arsdale sons, Garret & Isaac were among the church Deacons.  Rev. Cornelius Cosine became pastor in 1772.  Rev. Cosine was succeeded by Rev. George G. Brinkerhoff in November 1789.  The Binkerhoffs were among those who came to Conowago in a later group of migrants.  The seating of the church was assigned by family. 

The Conewago colony had a mix of French Heugenots that fled to Holland and were instrumental in setting up the Dutch Reform Church.  Many French Huegenots joined the Dutch communion in developing the American version of the Dutch Reform Church.  Maggie’s mother’s family, the Demarees, were among this important French element.

The burial ground of the Low Dutch Colony is now called the Great Conewago Presbyterian Cemetery.  The Cowenago cemeteries still exist but are not generally marked with headstones.
The head stones that do exist in the Conewago cemetery help us sketch out who lived there.  A memorial stone for David Demarees describes his New Jersey roots.

Thanks to the Montforts, who kept the baptismal records from Conowago, we have good baptismal records from Conowago.  Daughter of Van Arsdalen is the earliest recorded baptism in Conwego.  The Van Arsdales were joined by extended family members from the Ammerman, Dorland, Voorhees and Wycoff branches.

Demarees were carpenters and painters.  The Van Arsdales were the blacksmiths for the Low Dutch Colony.  There was one local store with an emphasis on practical goods as well as patent medicines.

Colonists were challenged by adoption of a new language, and shifting from either French or Dutch to English, was reflected in a wide variety of phonetic spellings.  It is significant that even the women of a high social rank did not learn to write.  A description of gender roles and age-related characteristics are examined at this point.

A number of the Conewago settlers were killed by Indians and houses were burned.  Between 1817-1820 the Low Dutch Colony in Conewago dissolved.  This brought an end of the Reformed Dutch Church of Conowago.  The remaining population absorbed into the surrounding communities.  Families that remained and blended into the surrounding community through 1884.  Ahe end of the Conewago colony, out-migration was primarily to the north and west.  Our ancestors were among those settlers who left and went westward from Conewago to Kentucky

From The Star and Sentinel, Gettysburg, PA., January 8, 1884 we have notes from a 30 page manuscript in the Ponna Archives.  In have included excerpts have been taken which are relevant to Cayuga County.  We learn from this material about the charcter of the Conowago Colonists.  The early “Duth character” had a positive qualities that persevered even as the dominant culture changed under English-control, and provided a sense of joy, continuity and blessedness to the communities that followed. 

Conduct was “notoriously good”, and the universally held core beliefs in the community reflected a frontier Calvanism is still a traceable element.  The Reformed Dutch Church of Conowago developed to correspond with the newly emerging Presbyterians.  This became the faith of choice for Maggie’s father, her son Theodore Lee (who became a Presbyterian minister), her granddaughter Jesse Lee Ellis who became a Presbyterian missionary along with her husband Wilder Ellis, and Maggies great granddaughter Margaret Ellis.  Margaret was a member of St. John’s Presbyterian Church in Berkeley, CA where where Theodore’s wife, Anna Myrtilla Wray Lee was the head of the women’s auxiliary.  The old sanctuary became the Julia Morgan community center, named for the great woman architect the church commissioned to design the structure after the congregation fled the Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906.  I continue to worship and find community in this same congregation to this day.

Our story of the fifth generation begins with Maggie’s great grandfather Simon Van Arsdalen, born in 1732.  Simon Van Arsdalen was a Captain in the New York Militia.  Simon married Catherine Voorhees in Flatbush in 1753.  The 5 children of Simon Van Arsdale and Catherine Voorhees were born in New Jersey between 1754-1762.

The Voorhees Line is an important one in our family tree.  There is a large Demaree branch of the Van Voorhees line, as well as an overlapping Van Arsdale Branch of the Van Voorhees line. 

Maggie’s 2x greatgrandparents were Coert Voorhees and Neeltje Hegeman.  We have an account of the children of Coert Voorhees and Neeltje Hegeman.  The Hegeman Line starts with Maggie’s 3x great grandfather Isaac Adrianse Hegeman.  Maggie’s 4x grandparents were Adrian Hegeman and Katherine Margits.

Maggie’s 3x great grandparents were Stephen Coerte Van Voorhees and Eva Janse Van Dyck.  We have dates for the marriage of Stephen Coerte Van Voorhees and Eva Janse Van Dyck, the death of Stephen Coerte Van Voorhees, as well as some data about the children of Stephen Coerte Van Voorhees and Eva Janse Van Dyck.

Maggie’s 4x great grandparents Coert Stevense Van Voorhees and Marretje Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven.  We know the birth information for both Coert Stevense Van Voorhees and  Marretje Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven, as well as their marriage.  The children of Coert Stevense Van Voorhees and Marretje Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven have been identified as well.  Known dates  include the death of Coert Stevense Van Voorhees.  Highlights of the career of Coert Stevense Van Voorhees include public service, church life, militia service and real estate acquisition. 

We have some information about Van Dyck Line.  Maggie’s 4x great grandparents were Jan Janse Van Dyke and Tryntje Thyssen Van Pelt.  Marriage of Jan Janse Van Dyke and Tryntje Thyssen Van Pelt was recorded, as was the death of Jan Janse Van Dyke.  We also kow of Tryntje Thyssen Van Pelt’s birth and migration.  We have some facts about their life in New Utrecht.  The children of Jan Janse Van Dyke and Tryntje Thyssen Van Pelt are listed.

Maggie’s 5x great grandparents were Steven Coerts Van Voorhees and Aeltje Wessels. 
We start with information about the birth of Steven Coerts Van Voorhees.  Steven Coerts Van Voorhees married Aeltje Wessels (the 4x great grandmother of Maggie’s father).  After Aeltje passed away Steven Coerts Van Voorhees remarried to Willemtje Roelofs Seuberinge (the 4x great grandmother of Maggie’s mother).  We learn of the death of Steven Coerts Van Voorhees from a commemorative marker in Brooklyn for him.

There was a merging of the Van Arsdale and Demaree Lines long before Maggie’s parents were united.  This center’s around Maggie’s 5x great grandparents (Marretje Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven’s parents) Gerret Wolfersen Van Kouwenhoven and Aeltje Cornelis Cool. 

Gerret Wolfersen Van Kouwenhoven’s story starts with a record of his birth. Gerrit Wolphertsen was guardian of Lambert Cornelissen Cool. He executed an authorization for his young charge to graze cattle before Secretary Tienhoven, witnessed by Council member Frerick Lubbertsen
Our Gerrit Wolphertson (Van Kouwenhoven) bought land near the Ferry (where Charity Demaree’s immigrant ancecstors of the Vigne line lived) between both Frerick Lubbertsen Jacob Stoffelsen (who served on the famed Council of 12 Men)  The death of Gerret Wolfersen Van Kouwenhoven was recorded as well.

Aeltje Cornelis Cool (1615 – 14 June 1683) was born in Gowanus in the Netherlands prior to the establishment of the Dutch colony there.  The first marriage of Aeltje Cornelis Cool was to Gerret Wolfersen Van Kouwenhoven and we have identified all of their children.  The 2nd marriage of Aeltje Cornelis Cool was to Captain Elbert Elbertse Stoothoff.  We also know the children of this marriage.

Many baptisms were witnessed by Aeltje Cornelis Cool.  We have a record of Aeltje’s death as well .

The Cool Line starts with Maggie’s 6x great grandfather Cornelius Lambertse Cool (1588 -)
Marriage of Cornelius Lambertse Cool to his first wife,  Aeltje Braconie, produced children who we have identified.  Cornelius Lambertse Cool and Aeltje Braconie emmigrated to New Amsterdam in 1638.  Baptisms witnessed by Cornelius Lambertse Cool are recorded as well as his death.

Returning to the Van Kouwenhoven side, Maggie’s 6x geat grandparent Wolphert Gerretse Van
We have a record of the birth of Wolphert Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven.  Implications of his “Guardianship” terms are examined.  Wolphert left the Homestead early.  Religious life in Wolfert's childhood, the neglect of the Coelhorst Chapel, and it’s impact on the Kouwenhoven family are also considered.
We know there was a  marriage of Wolphert Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven and Aeltje Jansdochter but Wolphert’s 1st wife died without any surviving children.  Kouwenhoven then married Neeltgen Jacobsdochter.  Children of Wolphert Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven and Neeltgen Jacobsdochter are all identified.

Neeltgen’s parents estate settled in 1611.  Wulphert and Neeltgen sold a “bleach camp” in 1612 and the last payment was 4 ½ years later.  Wolphert’s occupation was declared as a Baker in 1612.  Wolphert’s business dealings trying to recover a bad debt or other obligation from a German named Herman Zeibloltz is recorded in 1615.  Wulpher Gerritss, baker, testified in a tax evasion case in 1616.  Wolphert Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven purchased a house in Amersfoort and mortgaged the property 3 times.  With 2 partners, Wulphert Gerritsz and his wife Neeltgen Jacobs purchased a bleach camp outside the Coppelpoort of Amersfoort in 1618 with the terms of the mortgage financing clearly recorded.  The bleach camp business in the 1600s was specialized, seasonal, labor intensive and operated on low margins.  Wolphert’s family may have specialized in whole cloth bleaching, as opposed to yarn or clothing

In 1622 Wolphert became guardian of his brother Willem’s children in a document that establishes his Couwenhoven identity.  In 1623 Wulphert the bleacher got into a scuffle at the Coppelpoort bridge over possession of some fish caught by Beermt van Munster.   The Coppelpoort Gate today looks much as it did almost 400 years ago in our ancestors time.

In 1623 the family left  the bleach camp business, setting the stage for the family to emigrate to New Netherland.  Wolfert and Neeltgen emmigrated in 1625 as part of one the first a Dutch West India Company expeditions to New Netherlands.  Wolfert was under contract to Killaen van Rensselaer and correspondence with the Patroon indicates that Neeltgen was unhappy in New Amsterdam.

In 1636 Wolphert Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven established the "plantation" Achterveldt, the first kown white settlement on Long Island, on property acquired from the the Kestachau tribe; this became thefocal point for New Amersfoort (Flatlands)

On 18. Apr. 1657 Wolphert got "Small Civil Rights".  In 1661 Wolfert Gerritsen Van Couwenhoven is named in a property dispute.  Death of Wolfert Gerritsen Van Couwenhoven

Next we return to Maggie’s grandparents,  Simon Van Arsdalen (1746-1802) and Aaltie Ellen Cozine (1748-).  Maggie’s grandmother was Aaltie Coszine was also known as Aeltje and Ellen.
The children of Aaltie Cozine and Simon Van Arsdalen are known.

Simon Van Arsdalen's military service was in the Revolutionary War.  To better understand this experience we look at the historical background about pre-revolutionary Militia service in American colonies.  Militias in Quaker dominated Pennsylvania followed a unique patter, different from the other colonies. We have some details of the early York Militia.  Simon Van Arsdalen served in a force with a strong Scots-Irish demographic.  We also have discovered some details of the York Cumberland Regiment including York County Militia ccampaigns and engagements.
Turning to the Cosine line,  Maggie’s great grandparents were the Rev. Cornelius Cozine (1718-1788) & Ann Staats (1722-).  Jacobus (Cosijnsze) Cosine and Aefie Theunise Van Amak [Aeltie (Olive) Van Wyck], were Maggie's 2x great grandparents.  Pieter Staats (1690 - ) and Lammetje Van Vechten (1693 - ) were Maggie's 2x great grandparents.  Maggie’s 3x great grandparents, were Abraham Pieterszen Staats (1665 - ) and his spouse Rachel.  Maggie’s 4x great grandparents Pieter Staats (~1640->1706) and Annetje Jans Van Dyke (~1640-). 

For more context we look briefly at an overview of colonial governance in New York.  Governor Nicolls created a basis for governance in the form of the Duke's Laws.  The Dutch briefly regained control (1673-4).  Edmund Andros was Governor of the Province of New York from 1674-1681 in a period that featured boundary disputes with Connecticut, and engagement of the Iroquois.  Donegan restores fiscal order in his tenure.  Andros established the Dominion of New England in 1686 then fell from power in the Boston Rebellion of 1689.  Nicholson served as acting Governor of New York under Andros when New York was added to the Dominion of New England. 

Events in Nicholson's tenure set the stage for a rebellion known as “Leisler's Rebellion”.  German-born Leisler was a colorful advocate for the common people and the down-trodden.  The Colony was divided by the English Revolution.  Leisler stood up against the imposition of import duties.  Nicholson flamed the fire of dissent through is abrasive manner.  The rebels deposed Nicholson and Leisler was  placed in charge of the Province of New York by the committee of Safety.  Albany submitted to Leisler as acting lieutenant-governor after the defeat of Schenectady by the French-Indain alliance and Leisler concentrated his leadership on the French and Indian conflict.  At the end of the rebellion, Leisler was executed after an unjust trial became a martyr.  We look at the significance of Leisler's Rebellion for the community to which our ancestors belonged.

Continuing in the Staats line, Maggie’s 5x great grandparents were Jan Pieeter Staats Van Huysen and Elsie.  On the Van Dyke side, Maggie’s 5x great grandparents Jan Thomas Van Dyke (-1673) Tryntie Achias

For the maternal side of the Staats / Van Vetchen line we have the following outline.  The maternal side of the Van Vetchen line includes Maggie's 4x, 5x and 6x great grandparents.  Maggie's 6x great grandfather Jan Gerritsz Snedeker (1608-1679) emmigrated in the late 1630s, started out as a shoemaker and then advanced in his standing within the community to become founder of Midwout and then a member of the Council of 12.

On the paternal side of the Van Vetchen line, we learn of Maggie's 3x, 4x and 5x great grandparents.  Returning to Dominee Cornelius Cozine who married Antie Staats, we have a record of their children.  Maggie’s 2x great grandparents were Jacobus Cosine and Aefie Theunise Van Amak. 

Along the Van Amak line we trace back to Maggie’s 3x paternal grandparents Theunis Janse Van Aumack and Jannetje Brouwer.  The Brouwer family was also on Maggie’s maternal side. We learn of their immigration and marine adventures against the British.  Our records tell us of the marriage and children of Theunis Janse Van Aumack and Jannetje Brouwer
Maggie’s 3x great grandparents were Gerrit Cosynzen and Belitje Jacobs Quick. 

Now we come to Generation 7.   Maggie’s parents were Peter Van Arsdale (1787-) and Geertie (Charity) Demaree.  Children of Geertie Demaree and Peter Van Arsdale are known.  Maggie’s parents Peter and (Geertie) Charity had 9 kids, and in this group some cousins marry.  Maggie’s brother was James Harvey Van Arsdale (28. Jun. 1816 - )

In her book, The Lee Family of  Spanish Fork, my great aunt Maragret Lee Chadwick (MLC) wrote a chapter titled, “THE VAN ARSDALES SETTLE IN A FREE STATE”.  We examined her claims, separating fact from conjecture and filling in details.  This is done in part by comparing the MLC statements with a well documented narrative of Peter’s Life by John Krall.

·         “This was Simon Jansen Van Arsdale of an old Helvetian family. “ – MLC
·         This turns out to be Riker’s “Ancient Helvetian” Claim and I have provided a detailed appendix for exploration of this possibility.
·         “Most of those in this country bearing the name Van Arsdale or its modifications sprang from this marriage” – MLC  referring to the Emmigrant ancestors Sijmon & Peternelle. 
·         “His father had been a Major General in the Revolutionary War, and after this experience did not seem to be able to settle down to the business of farming” MLC
·         “the court apprenticed him to a blacksmith…. He did not get his schooling, and only with great difficulty did he get one hundred dollars and his horse after putting in seven years of hard work”
·         “He had an intense love of reading and a clear logical mind that made him in great demand later on as legal advisor to his neighbors “… Peter had an astounding memory.  – MLC
·         “with a borrowed axe as his only tool, he built a shop and a cabin, then married Charity Demaree”
·         …” he and Charity and four of the older children joined the church. This he felt to be one of the most important incidents of his life “ MLC
·         Peter bought 197 acres of rocky farm land in New Providence, Kentucky. This place had been nick-named "Rocky Battle." - MLC
·         Peter Van Arsdale had formed a close friendship with James Birney, the great abolitionist, and also while attending a Synod Meeting as delegate from his church, he met John Brown – MLC
·         His marriage was a partnership - MLC
·         Peter was particularly devoted to his daughter Susan - MLC

In addition to Margaret’s largely accurate portrait, we have information about Peter’s siblings, in-laws and friends. We have learned that Peter explored the Heartland states looking for a home in a Free State.  Peter built a wagon with Brother-in-law Isaac Smock and sold produce in Louisville.  Peter was close to his brother-in-law John Curry who influenced his views of religion.  The Van Arsdale's, Smock, Curry and Demaree in-laws formed a strong extended-family group and planned to move to the Free State of Indiana together.  The Van Arsdale's plans changed when John Curry died and Peter stayed in Kentucky to administer the estate.  The Van Arsdale's plans changed again in 1824 when John Smock died and they decided not to move to Indiana to establish a new farm.  In 1826 Peter tried to persuade Clarkson Randolph to open a backsmith shop in Indiana.  Daughters Phebe and Ida married in 1831 and 1832, and started lives on their own.  In 1836 Peter sold his Kentucky property and moved his family to Carrolton, Illinois, making the difficult journey by wagon in three weeks
leg injury posed began to slow Peter down in the 1840s.  In the 1850s Peter and Charity continued to take pride in their daughters work as teachers.  The Varnarsdales and the Bantas maintained their connection over the years.  The last event that Peter tells is the story of a great gathering of the family.

Peter made a substantial contribution to frontier life.  He story begins with the history of the Low Dutch Colony and progresses with their migration from Pennsylvania to Kentucky.  The oldest Conewago Record is the Van Arsdale deed of 1768.  In turn, Peter  is among the first Low Dutch settlers of Kentucky.  Faded church records include a baptismal registry as early as 1769
The earliest Dutch settlers in the Boonesville area of Kentucky first arrived in 1779, 4-5 years after Daniel Boone's pioneering arrival and the Banta Group from Conewago followed in 1780
The abundant natural spring attracted the Banta Group to the location they first settled
Within a few years the 12000 acre parcel known as the Low Dutch Tract was acquire by the Dutch colonists at Six mile, now Pleasureville.

Boone made the "Wilderness Road," and built the fort at Boonesboro.  The perilous journey 600 miles from Coewago, PA to Fort Harrod was made along a wilderness trail by foot and pack-saddle.  Indian attacks along the Wildeness Road were fatal.  To get a feeling for the danger and fear of these pioneers the heart rending tale of Mrs. Anna [Duree] Banta is included along with an account of the Long Run Massacre.

Henry Banta, the founding patriarch of the low dutch colony had 21 children and many grandchildren who were dependents as well.  The Banta's built the very first cabin 2 miles from Hoagland's Station.  Before the Dutch Company purchased the Low Dutch Tract the Bantas lived and hunted in the area across 15-20,000 acres of “wilderness”.  Captain Jake Banta was an early casualty of the fierce ongoing conflict with the Indians, left with a tomahawk in his skull.  The Bantas' original attempt to settle the wilderness that became the Low Dutch tract ended in retreat to Harrod's Station.

We take a look at the movement led by Mother Ann Lee (no known relation) and the origin of the Shakers.  The Shaker Society of Kentucky had it's origin in the Low Dutch Colony, was started at John Banta's home, and was adopted by some Voorhees and Monfort families as well.  The Cane Ridge Revival and the 500 seat Log Meeting House was part of the vanguard of Abolitionism in Kentucky.  The Shaker lived according to covenant and the practice of community property.  The Dutch Company held tools, farm implements and mills “in common” and the "Dutch Company sledge hammer" was in shared use 100 years later.  The Kentucky Shakers economic success involved producing and high quality products, marketing their products regionally all the way to New Orleans and Louisville, and employing technology for efficiency.  Kentucky Shakers' policies of pacifism, abolitionism and freeing slaves resulted in mob attacks.  Shakers role in American religious history include communal structure and an emphasis on abolition, equality, non-violence and love – values that were expressed later in our family through the philosophy of the Reverend Theodore Lee

The Low Dutch Colony settled in the Bluegrass region of Kentucky.  Pleasant Hill, KY maintained the Shaker way of life that the Banta, Voorhees and Monfort families first established.  Others in the Low Dutch Colony set up Pleasureville

The Original 34 lots purchased by the Low Dutch Colony from Squire Boone were owned by 30+ settlers and managed by a Trustee.  The pioneers of the Low Dutch Colony belonged to twelve families: Banta, Brewer, Bogard, Casart, Cozine, Demaree, Maston, Monfort (Munfort),Morton, Shock (Smock), Vanarsdal (Vanosdal), and Vorees (Voras; Vores)

No comments:

Post a Comment